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Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Bronze Age. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/BronzeAge.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Early History. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/ItalyHistory.html.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Fascist Expansionism. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/FascistExpansionism.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Fascist Period. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/FascistPeriod.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Franks. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/Franks.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (October 16, 2001). Holy Roman Empire. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/HolyRomanEmpire.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (October 16, 2001). Holy Roman Empire. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/ItalianRenaissance.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (November 30, 2003). Italy's Unity. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/ItalyUnity.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Kingdom of Italy. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/KingdomOfItaly.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Kingdom of Sicily. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/KingdomOfSicily.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Lombards. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/Lombards.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Middle Ages. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/MiddleAges.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Napoleonic Era in Italy. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/NapoleonicEra.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Ottonians. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/Ottonians.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (May 22, 2004). Postwar Italy. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/PostwarItaly.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Rise of Fascism. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/RiseOfFascism.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Rise of the Italian City-States. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/ItalianCityStates.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Risorgimento. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/Risorgimento.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Roman Empire. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/RomanEmpire.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). Roman Italy. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/RomanItaly.htm.

Arcaini, G.B. (April 7, 2001). World War II. Retrieved Jan 12, 2006 from Arcaini Web Site at http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/WorldWar2.htm.

BBC. (2006). [Image: Risotto]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from BBC, at http://www.bbc.co.uk/food/images/recipes/risotto_300x193.jpg.

Bella Sera. (2006). [Image: Tiramisu]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Bella Sera Italian Grill Menu, at http://www.saucemagazine.com/bellasera/images/tiramisu.jpg.

Cannoli Enterprises. (2006). [Image: Cannoli]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Cannoli Enterprises, at http://www.cannoli-enterprises.com/product.gif.

CIA. (November 1, 2005). Italy. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from World Factbook 2005, at http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/it.html.

Euroserwer. (2001). [Image: Gnocchi]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Restaurants.pl, at http://www.restaurants.pl/przepisy/grafiki/gnocchi.jpg.

Finfood. (2006). [Image: Panna Cotta]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Finfood, at http://www.finfood.fi/finfood/kananmuna.nsf/0/c2aba9d7c36b00aec2256ddc003950d2/$FILE/panna_cotta_ja_marjakastike.jpg.

Gwel. (2006). [Image: Bruschetta]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Le Site sucré de Gwel, at http://www.chez.com/gwel/recettes+/bruschetta.jpg.

Ledo Pizza. (May 2, 2005). [Image: Calzone]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Ledo Marketing, at http://www.ledomarketing.com/Artwork/images/Calzone.jpg.

Ludoedka. (January 12, 2006). [Image: Versace]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Photobucket, at http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v207/ludoedka/VERSACE.jpg

Mozzicato DePasquale Bakery and Pastry Shop. (2006). [Image: Gelato]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Gelato and Granita, at http://www.mozzicatobakery.com/pix/g_gelato.jpg.

School Division, Houghton Miflin Company. (2000). [Image: Focaccia]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Your Dictionary, at http://www.yourdictionary.com/images/ahd/jpg/A4focacc.jpg.

SuperChef. (2001). [Image: Gnocchi]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from SuperChef, at http://www.superchef.it/img/gnocchi.jpg.

The Kroger Co. (2005). [Image: Antipasto]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Fred Meyer, at http://www.fredmeyer.com/images/cater-antipasto-296.jpg.

Uhl, Robert. (July 16, 2005). [Image: Pizza]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Robert Uhl, at http://latakia.dyndns.org/~ruhl/images/pizza.jpeg.

Visual Collection. (2006). [Image: Cappuccino]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Visual Collection, at http://www.visualcollection.nl/decollectie/collectie_images/capuccino.jpg.

Whole Foods Market IP, L.P. (2006). [Image: Minestrone]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Whole Foods Market, at http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/recipes/images/wc_minestrone.jpg

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Alicia Keys. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alicia_Keys.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Amerigo Vespucci. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amerigo_Vespucci_%28explorer%29.

Wikipedia. (January 10, 2006). Antonio Vivaldi. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Vivaldi.

Wikipedia. (August 14, 2005). Asiago cheese. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asiago_cheese.

Wikipedia. (December 24, 2005). Bagna Cauda. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bagna_Cauda.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Benito Mussolini. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Mussolini.

Wikipedia. (November 9, 2005). Bruschetta. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruschetta.

Wikipedia. (December 23, 2005). Cannoli. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannolo_siciliano.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Cappuccino. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cappuccino.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Christopher Columbus. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Columbus.

Wikipedia. (January 8, 2006). Culture of Italy. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Italy.

Wikipedia. (January 11, 2006). Dante Alighieri. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dante_Alighieri.

Wikipedia. (January 11, 2006). Donatello. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donatello.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Espresso. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Espresso.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). [Image: Flag of Italy]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Flag_of_Italy.svg.

Wikipedia. (December 23, 2005). Focaccia. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Focaccia.

Wikipedia. (January 11, 2006). Frank Sinatra. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Sinatra.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Galileo Galilei. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galileo_Galilei.

Wikipedia. (January 13, 2006). [Image: Gattamelata]. Retrieved January 13, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Gattamelata.jpg.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Gelato. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gelato.

Wikipedia. (January 5, 2006). Giacomo Puccini. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giacomo_Puccini.

Wikipedia. (January 7, 2006). Gnocchi. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnocchi.

Wikipedia. (December 23, 2005). Gorgonzola (cheese). Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gorgonzola_cheese.

Wikipedia. (January 11, 2006). Gwen Stefani. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gwen_Stefani.

Wikipedia. (January 10, 2006). History of Italy. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Italy.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Italian Cuisine. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_cuisine.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). [Image: Italian Coat of Arms]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Italian_coa.png.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Italy. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy.

Wikipedia. (January 10, 2006). [Image: Italy 1494]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Italy_1494_shepherd.jpg.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Leonardo da Vinci. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci.

Wikipedia. (January 6, 2006). Leone Battista Alberti. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leone_Battista_Alberti.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). List of Famous Italians. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_famous_Italians.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). [Image: Location of Italy]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:LocationItaly.png.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Luciano Pavarotti. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luciano_Pavarotti.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). [Image: Luciano Pavarotti]. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Luciano_Pavarotti.jpg.

Wikipedia. (January 7, 2006). Madonna. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madonna_%28entertainer%29.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Marco Polo. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marco_Polo.

Wikipedia. (January 9, 2006). Mario Andretti. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Andretti.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Martin Scorsese. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Scorsese.

Wikipedia. (January 9, 2006). Medici. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medici.

Wikipedia. (January 11, 2006). Michelangelo. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michelangelo_Buonarroti.

Wikipedia. (December 20, 2005). Minestrone. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minestrone.

Wikipedia. (November 2, 2005). Mortadella. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortadella.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Mozzarella. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozzarella.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Mya. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mya_%28singer%29.

Wikipedia. (December 2, 2005). Panna Cotta. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panna_cotta.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Pizza. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pizza.

Wikipedia. (January 7, 2006). Prosciutto. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosciutto.

Wikipedia. (December 15, 2005). Provolone (cheese). Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provolone.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Raphael. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raffaello_Santi.

Wikipedia. (January 2, 2006). Ricotta cheese. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ricotta.

Wikipedia. (December 23, 2005). Risotto. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Risotto.

Wikipedia. (January 9, 2006). Salami. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salami.

Wikipedia. (January 10, 2006). Sandro Botticelli. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandro_Botticelli.

Wikipedia. (January 10, 2006). Sergio Leone. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergio_Leone.

Wikipedia. (January 12, 2006). Shakira. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakira.

Wikipedia. (January 7, 2006). [Image: Sistine Chapel Ceiling]. Retrieved January 13, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Lightmatter_Sistine_Chapel_ceiling.jpg.

Wikipedia. (December 26, 2005). Tiramisu. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiramisu.

Wikipedia. (December 26, 2005). Valentino. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentino.

Wikipedia. (January 10, 2006). Versace. Retrieved January 12, 2006 from Wikipedia, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Versace.

Last Updated Jan. 12, 2006.